Discuss introduction to primary healthcare in Hillston, Australia
Introduction to primary health care (assessment 1):
Primary Health Care – A town report
Australian society is diverse in many aspects. Our population is located in many different settings, from metropolitan cities, large towns, to smaller rural towns and isolated localities and properties. Australians come from many different cultural backgrounds, educational opportunities, work situations and life experience. Each of these combined with factors such as a person’s gender, age, economic situation and family supports will impact on a person’s health status and health care needs.
Availability and access to resources and services directly influences the health care that you provide as a nurse. A key skill for effective nursing practice is identifying the resources accessible to a person, their capacity to access resources and services and to consider how these factors impact on the person’s engagement with health care services.
Report: How do the available services in a rural or regional town support the health and well-being of the community?
Select one of the following towns in New South Wales
• Hillston: this is my chosen town
Prepare a report that discusses:
• The town and its location;
• Health care, education, employment and social services available to the people who live there;
• The distances that may be required in travel to access additional services, such as specialists and allied health professionals.
You may choose to illustrate this component of your report with a simple map of the town that shows:
o its location to regional centers
o the key services available to the community
Include in your report a discussion of:
• Factors particular to this town that might impact upon the health and well-being of the community
• How factors such as low income, cultural background, chronic health problems (i.e. social determinants of health) would impact a person in this town when accessing health care services.
Conclude your report by identifying:
• The services available within the town to assist those who may be disadvantaged in meeting their health needs;
• How these services align with the Principles of Primary Health Care.
NB: This assessment will provide the background for Assessment Task 2.
This assessment task requires consideration of the availability of services that support health within a specific community, in order to discuss health, Primary Health Care (PHC) and the Social determinants of Health (SDoH).
This assessment item relates to the following learning outcomes:
1. Be able to explain differing concepts of health for individuals, families and communities, including Indigenous Australian communities and Linguistically Diverse communities
2. Be able to examine the philosophy and principles of primary health care in relation to social determinants of health, and their relevance to Indigenous Australian communities and vulnerable Australian population groups.
4. Be able to describe the Australian Health Care System and identify opportunities within it for the
application of primary health care strategies.
Hillston: chosen town
1. The town and its location:
2. Health care, education, employment and social services available to the people who live there.
Hillston Medical Centre: nurse service
3. The distance that may be required in travel to access additional services, such as specialists and allied health professionals.
a. Simple map of the town shows its location to regional centres
b. The key services available to the community4. Factors particular to this town that might impact upon the health and well-being of the community
4. Provide and explore town/cities that may provide services not available in the town that I chose.
5. How factors such as low income, cultural background, chronic health problems (i.e. social determinations of health) would impact a person in this town when accessing health care services.
6. Provide and explore town/cities that may provide services not available in the town that I chosen.
7. Identifies all health care services available for the entire population of the chosen town.
8. Lists principles of primary health care and explains how they align with the chosen town and discuss how this influences care to population:
The principles of primary health care are:
1. Accessibility and equity relate to working to alleviate the barriers preventing equal access to health for all members of the community in relation to disparities in social determinants of health.
2. Appropriate technology involves advocating to maximise efficiency and equity rather than the most expensive technologies for communities.
3. Health promotion involves encouraging community capacity through comprehensive promotion of health for the whole of community & promoting selective care for those most in need of specific care.
4. Cultural Sensitivity is being aware of your own and other’s cultural beliefs, values and knowledge and how these shape health and health decisions.
5. Inter-sectorial collaboration is working in partnership with other services and sectors to respond to the social determinants of health.
6. Public participation is ensuring community members are able to participate fully in making decisions for their health & wellbeing.
Discuss social determinants of health relevant to the town and explains how they impact on health care services.The services available within the town to assist those who may be disadvantaged in meeting their health needs.