PICOT Question and Evidence Based Approach
Create a 3-5-page submission in which you develop a PICO(T) question for a
specific care issue and evaluate the evidence you locate, which could help to
answer the question.
PICO(T) is an acronym that helps researchers and practitioners define aspects of
a potential study or investigation.
It stands for:
P – Patient/population/problem.
I – Intervention.
C – Comparison (of potential interventions, typically).
O – Outcome(s).
T – Time frame (if time frame is relevant).
The end goal of applying PICO(T) is to develop a question that can help guide
the search for evidence (Boswell Cannon, 2015). From this perspective, a
PICO(T) question can be a valuable starting point for nurses who are starting to
apply an evidence-based model or EBPs. By taking the time to precisely define
the areas in which the nurse will be looking for evidence, searches become more
efficient and effective. Essentially, by precisely defining the types of evidence
within specific areas, the nurse will be more likely to discover relevant and useful
evidence during their search.
You are encouraged to complete the Vila Health PCI(T) Process activity before
you develop the plan proposal. This activity offers an opportunity to practice
working through creating a PICO(T) question within the context of an issue at a
Vila Health facility. These skills will be necessary to complete Assessment 3
successfully. This is for your own practice and self-assessment and
demonstrates your engagement in the course.
Demonstration of Proficiency
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your
proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring
Competency 1: Interpret findings from scholarly quantitative, qualitative, and
outcomes research articles and studies.
Explain the findings from articles or other sources of evidence.
Competency 2: Analyze the relevance and potential effectiveness of evidence
when making a decision.
Identify sources of evidence that could be potentially effective in answering a
Explain the relevance of the findings from chosen sources of evidence to making
decision related to a PICO(T) question.
Competency 3: Apply an evidence-based practice model to address a practice
Define a practice issue to be explored via a PICO(T) approach.
Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly communication strategies to lead
practice changes based on evidence.
Communicate using writing that is clear, logical, and professional with correct
grammar and spelling using current APA style.