Nursing Question: Community needs assessment

Nursing Question: Community needs assessment

You will conduct a community needs assessment by choosing a specified population or community. You are expected to submit a 5-10 page Report and a PowerPoint presentation illustrating and summarizing the report. Papers submitted must be typed using APA format. include, a PowerPoint presentation of community needs assessment


GUIDE: Things to consider:

I) Overview

A) Description of the Community

i) History

ii) Type of community: urban, suburban, rural

II)Physical Environmental Considerations: The Community As a Place

A) Description: general identifying data

i) Location.

ii) Topographical features.

iii) Climate

B) Boundaries, area in square miles

C) Environment

i) Sanitation: water supply, sewage, garbage, trash

ii) Pollutants, toxic substances, animal reservoirs or vectors, flora and fauna

iii) Air quality: color, odor, particulates

iv) Food supply: sources, preparation

v) Potential disaster in the population

vi) Extent of disaster preparation in the population

D) Housing

i) Types of housing (public and private)

ii) Condition of housing

iii) Percent owned, rented

iv) Housing for special populations

(a) Near homeless

(b) Homeless

(c) Frail elders

E) Leading industries and occupations

III) The People of the Community

A) Population profile

i) Total population for ___(year of last census)

ii) Population density

iii) Population changes in past 10 years

iv) Population per square miles

v) Mobility

vi) Types of Families

B) Biological Considerations/Vital and demographic population characteristics

i) Age composition

ii) Sex distribution

iii) Race distribution

iv) Ethnic group composition and distribution

v) Mortality Characteristics

(a) Annual Birth and crude death rates

(b) Age-specific death rate

(c) Infant mortality rate

(d) Maternal mortality rate

vi) Cause-specific death rate (specific health area)

vii) Leading causes of morbidity

(a) Incidence rates (specific diseases)

(b) Prevalence rates (specific diseases)

C) Psychological Considerations

i) Significant historical events

ii) Future economic prospects

iii) Formal and Informal Communication Network

iv) Rates of Suicide and Homicides for specific subgroups within the population

v) Adequacy of protective services

vi) Common sources of Stress (e.g. unemployment , lack of affordable housing)

D) Sociocultural Considerations: The Community As a Social System

i) Socioeconomic status

(a) Income of family

(b) Major occupations

(c) Estimated level of unemployment

(d) Percent below poverty level

(e) People retired

ii) Educational level

(a) Religious distribution

(b) Marriage and divorce rates

(c) Language

E) Government and Leadership

i) Type of government (mayor, city manager, board of commissioners)

ii) City offices (location, hours, services, access)

F) Education

i) Public educational facilities

ii) Private educational facilities

iii) Libraries

iv) Services for special populations

(a) Pregnant teens

(b) Adults with special problems

(c) Children and adults who are developmentally disabled

(d) Children and adults who are blind and/or deaf

G) Transportation

H) Behavioral Considerations

i) Consumption patterns (general nutritional level of the population)

ii) Leisure pursuit

iii) Other health-related behaviors (e.g. frequency of seat belt use)

I) Health System Considerations

i) Identify existing services

ii) Assessing current level of performance

iii) Availability and accessibility of specific types of health care services

iv) Health needs lacking services

v) Extent to which health care services are overused and underused

vi) Financing of health care

Requirements: 5 pages   |   .doc file

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Nursing Question: Community needs assessment
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